Search by Color

Search by Name

Polish kermes

Porphyrophora Polonica L.
Colors Obtained
Vermilion, Purple, Red, Pink
Dye Ingredients
Carminic acid, Kermesic acid, flavokermesic acid
Historical Data
The first written reference to Polish kermes - as "vermiculus " - is in an instruction from Charlemagne in 812 to the Carolingian estates. The use of red from Polish kermes in the Pazyryk Carpet proves, however, that this dye-insect was used much earlier, more than 2,500 years ago. Probably its qualities as a dyestuff were known and used even before then, a supposition that we cannot confirm, since the even earlier textile found in Takla Makan Desert , which have intense red and are now in the museum in Urumgi in China , have not yet been subject to a dye analysis. The Pazyrk carpet, the earliest pile carpet known, was named for the valley in the Altai Mountains of Siberia where it was found in the late 1940s.